Toxoplasmosis is a protozoa that infects almost all mammals, but felines are the primary host. Healthy cats with a positive antibody titer pose little risk to humans. People often hear that they can get toxoplasmosis from their cat but there are other, more common ways, as well. They can get it from handling raw meat and gardening. It is important to follow good hygiene and the recommendations listed below.
The oocysts (eggs) need 24 hours to become infective, so it is important to empty litter boxes daily.
Clinical signs can be non-specific and include; weight loss, fever, anorexia, seizures, ataxia, vomiting/diarrhea, respiratory distress, ocular discharge or photophobia (fear of light), uveitis, stillborn kittens. Due to a variety of symptoms, this disease can be difficult to diagnose. Titers can be performed to detect toxoplasmosis. Clindamycin is the medication of choice for treatment. Prognosis is guarded depending on severity of symptoms and response to treatment . Like with most diseases, if caught early, prognosis is more favorable.
Nichola Gaither, DVM